What are the Causes of Hemorrhoids?

What are the Causes of Hemorrhoids?

This article was published on July 16, 2012, and was last updated on May 1st, 2019 in Hemorrhoid Banding.

There are Many Causes of Hemorrhoids to Consider

Several factors can cause hemorrhoids. A hemorrhoid is comprised of blood vessels in the anus that become swollen from pressure in the area and produce a variety of symptoms. Below are several potential causes of hemorrhoids:

Some Causes of Hemorrhoids

  • Chronic Constipation

    • Constipation can cause hemorrhoids when a person strains excessively to pass a bowel movement, putting pressure on the veins in the anus that result in swelling. A diet low in fiber and high in fat can be one cause of constipation, though it can also stem from  other conditions such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome . Not drinking enough water can also lead to constipation by limiting the amount of fluid in the intestines, leading hardening of the stool.
  • Chronic Diarrhea

    • On the opposite side of the spectrum, having chronic problems with diarrhea can result in increased pressure that causes hemorrhoids. Diet and conditions such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome are just a couple causes of diarrhea.
  • Pregnancy & Childbirth

    • Increased pressure from the growing fetus during pregnancy can cause hemorrhoids in pregnant women. Straining while giving birth also causes hemorrhoids to develop in some cases.
  • Excessive Straining

    • Care should be taken to avoid straining to have a bowel movement. Whether by making dietary changes or taking a stool softener as needed, this is one way you may be able to avoid developing hemorrhoids.
  • Obesity

    • Conditions associated with obesity can cause hemorrhoids. These include constipation from poor diet and added pressure in the pelvic region from extra abdominal weight.
  • Sitting Too Long (throughout the day or while on the toilet)

    • Sitting for long periods of time can place pressure on the veins in the rectum and anus, which can cause hemorrhoids to develop.
  • Heavy Lifting

    • Straining while lifting heavy objects causes hemorrhoids to occur due to increased pressure that leads to vein swelling.
  • Age

    • As we age, the tissues that support the veins can weaken or stretch, which causes hemorrhoids to develop.
Find a Doctor

No matter what causes hemorrhoids for you, consulting with a qualified physician is highly recommended. A doctor can determine the cause of hemorrhoids and advise you of the available treatment optionsFind a physician in your area or request a consultation online.

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